• Flagship project with sedimentary copper-silver potential, located 30 kilometers south of Cranbrook in British Columbia.

  • 28,743 hectares of road accessible continuous mineral tenure 100% owned by Aeonian.

  • Sixteen targets of anomalous copper following prospective stratigraphy, with historic surface rock samples returned up to 0.98% copper from sedimentary-hosted units.

  • Western targets associated with known copper-silver showings and down-dip extensions identified during a USGS Critical Minerals survey.

  • Historic drilling intersected 1.6 meters of 0.85% copper

  • Over $420,000 of exploration expenditures spent since 2020.


This interactive map allows you to explore the property with us. As we collect data in the field or acquire knowledge through research we update the map so you get to see all the data in one place.


  • Clicking on a layer or feature will “pop up” more information.
  • You can view additional layers by accessing the legend (>>) in the top left corner. Turn layers on and off using the check boxes.
  • Zoom in and out of the map using the +/- symbols.
  • Note that some layers will only be visible when at a suitable zoom level.


The geological layer has been provided by the BC Geological Survey and was completed on a regional level and as such is a generic view and will not necessarily align with field observations. We will be updating this with more accurate and high resolution maps as field investigation progresses.


The rocks at Koocanusa are part of the Purcell Basin Supergroup which underlie southeastern British Columbia and stretch into Montana and Idaho. There are similarities at Koocanusa to several significant mines in Montana, where Cu-Ag is hosted in porous sandstone beds.

  • Rock Creek (Hecla): Inferred resource (2020) of 100 million tons grading 1.5oz/tn silver, 0.7% copper (148 million ounces of silver and 659 tons of copper).
  • Montanore (Hecla): Inferred resource (2020) of 112 million tons grading 1.6 oz/tn silver and 0.7% copper (183 million ounces of silver and 759,420 tons of copper).

Preliminary prospecting at Koocanusa has highlighted anomalous copper trends that run parallel to bedding in coarser siltstone and sandstone layers, with at least two prospective horizons. In addition to the sedimentary-hosted copper, there is evidence of overprinting epithermal veins which may be contributing to the anomalous historic gold occurrences noted on the claims.

Generalized Cross-Section of the Troy Mine Area 

The Koocanusa Project is an exciting re-imagining of an ancient geological system located 30km southeast of Cranbrook in British Columbia. The project is road accessible year round and enjoys a favorable position close to infrastructure and supply centers.

Hosted in some of the oldest rocks in British Columbia, Koocanusa has both sedimentary copper and epithermal gold and mercury showings with potential for additional cobalt and silver. Placer gold has been panned from Gold Creek since the 1860’s although the source of the gold has not been found. The region was last explored in the 1980’s, and since that time equivalent rocks in the United States have been found to host economic copper, cobalt and silver deposits that are currently being mined or are in the permitting process.

Aeonian is trawling historical data, academic papers and economic assessments of similar projects to build a new model. This coupled with advances in technology, broad geochemical sampling and detailed mapping is increasing our understanding – and the potential – of Koocanusa.

NOTE: The above is for comparative geological purposes only and do not necessarily reflect the mineralization,grades or recoveries at Koocanusa. Further work and studies need to be completed at Koocanusa before the full potential can be realized.

Sixteen Established Target Zones

The Koocanusa Project has a total of sixteen known or emerging targets within its boundaries, all of which relate to copper mineralization potential.

Many of the zones are highly underexplored and so represent a great opportunity for discovery.

Sedimentary copper deposits are like a “string of pearls” – the mineralization can extend for many kilometres across the basin, but we need to find the “traps” that allowed metal-bearing brines to concentrate into smaller ore bodies. Structures such as folds are great traps and have been noted in several locations, whilst deep faults can provide old fluid conduits for the brines to flow along and concentrate.

Name MinFile Commodities Cycle Notes
Blacktail Creek 082GSW099 Copper Lower (Western) Cycle Fault and anticlinal fold (trap?) with anomalous copper values. Underexplored.
Ward Creek Northbank 082GSW107 Copper, Silver Lower (Western) Cycle Grab samples grade to 0.15% copper and 3g/t silver. Second sample returned 0.11% copper.
Copper Trend 082GSW108 Copper Lower (Western) Cycle One kilometre south-east trending anomaly with chalcopyrite. Underexplored.
Gilnockie Trib 082GSW106 Copper, Silver Lower (Western) Cycle Concentration of mineralization in anticlinal fold. Samples return to 0.26% copper and 3.5g/t silver.
Gilnockie Northside 082GSW101 Copper Lower (Western) Cycle Historical sampling returned up to 0.4% copper from quartzite layers.
Silver Fox 217 082GSW103 Copper, Silver Lower (Western) Cycle Chalcopyrite and grey copper found in quartzites, grading to 0.19% copper and 6.4g/t silver.
Silver Fox 213 082GSW104 Copper, Silver Lower (Western) Cycle Chalcopyrite and grey copper in sandier beds, grading to 0.12% copper and 4.8g/t silver.
Yahk Mountain Zone 082GSW072 Copper, Silver, Gold  Lower (Western) Cycle Mineralization occurs as blebs of chalcoyrite in bleached quartzites grading up to 0.55% copper, 14g/t silver and 0.2g/t gold.
Jake Ridge 082GSW109 Copper, Lead Lower (Western) Cycle Underexplored series of quartzites with historically anomalous copper and lead values.
Jake Copper 082GSW070 Copper, Silver Lower (Western) Cycle Over 50m thickness of altered sediments with chalcopyrite, malachite, galena, arsenopyrite, bornite and pyrite. Grades up to 0.13% copper and 9.9g/t silver.
Barkshanty 082GSW112 Copper Lower (Western) Cycle Area is cross-cut by several important base-metal bearing structures (i.e. St Eugene etc.) but the signatures are masked by overburden. Needs follow up exploration.
SFBK18 082GSW114 Copper, Lead Lower (Western) Cycle In 2018 a drill hole was placed here to test for copper mineralization in the lower Creston Formation. Chalcopyrite and magnetite were encountered silts at 300m depth.
Twin 5 082GSW090 Copper Upper (Eastern) Cycle Coincident soil and geophysical anomalies that produced up to 0.11% copper in sampling. An historical drill hole (looking for gold) returned several intervals including 30cm grading 0.65% copper.
Lilo 082GSW076 Copper, Silver Upper (Eastern) Cycle Samples in 1991 returned 0.98% copper and 3.4g/t silver in black argillaceous siltstones. Other samples in the target zone returned up to 0.25% copper.
Frankie 082GSW034 Mercury Upper (Eastern) Cycle Historically drilled in 1988, returning 0.31% mercury over 0.6 metres. Widespread cinnabar noted at surface along with localized silicification, pyrite and hematite. Possible epithermal origin. 
Gold Creek 082GSW022 Copper, Gold Upper (Eastern) Cycle Poorly understood taregt with massive pyrite beds and rare malachite / azurite. Historical soil grids returned 130ppb gold.

Formation of Copper Beds in the Purcell Basin

The slides below walk you through a simplified model of how the Purcell Basin formed and then subsequently became infilled with sediments and igneous rocks through half a billion years of geological processes. Use the arrows in the bottom right of the slides to navigate through.



British Columbia is a province on the west coast of Canada. It is regularly thought of as one of the best mining jurisdictions in the world with its openness to exploration activity and mining coupled with rigorous environmental policy, sustainability programs and First Nations inclusion.

The Koocanusa Property boasts a fantastic location, road accessible with a long season and with well developed support services and infrastructure close by.


The closest town to Koocanusa is Cranbrook, which is a 9 hour drive / 1.5 hour flight from Vancouver (4 hour drive or one hour flight from Calgary). From Cranbrook the site is accessed in 45 minutes by Highway 3 then the Newgate-Kikomun Forestry Road. The project area is serviced by an extensive and well maintained network of roads and trails.


Cranbrook and the surrounding area has a long history of mining and forestry services and is therefore extremely well set up for supplies, services and experienced personnel. North of Cranbrook in Kimberly, the Sullivan Mine operated for over 90 years, whilst Teck has a large coal operation to the east at Sparwood. The area has active interest groups including the East Kootenay Chamber of Mines and the regional government office for the Ministry of Energy, Mines and Resources.


Cranbrook features a humid continental climate, and  Environment Canada reports Cranbrook as having the most sunshine hours of any BC city. It is fairly dry throughout the year,  experiences some of the lightest wind speeds year-round, has few foggy days, and has among the highest average barometric pressure of any city in Canada.  Mean daily temperatures range from −8.3 °C (17.1 °F) to 18.2 °C (64.8 °F).  Overall, its climate is extremely similar to that of Kelowna, in the nearby Okanagan Valley to the west – especially in regard to precipitation patterns and total monthly accumulation.

The Kootenay Region is mountainous; encompassing four maintain ranges, from east to west: the Rocky Mountains, the Purcell Mountains, the Selkirk Mountains, and the Monashee Mountains. The natural features of the region contribute to an economy strongly rooted in natural resources (e.g., forestry, mining, hydroelectric power generation, and tourism).

A high level of biodiversity exists in the region. Plant communities include species such as western hemlock, western red cedar, and lodgepole pine. Wildlife is diverse, characterized by some specific species that have close association with areas of low human influence such as: grizzly bear, gray wolf, marten, wolverine, and mountain caribou, as well as many others.



The rocks at Koocanusa formed during a period that geologists call “The Boring Billion”, which was a time when plate tectonics were just getting started and simple life was establishing itself. The video by PBS is a great introduction to this special era in Earth history, which was anything but boring!

We also provide you a timelines which offers insights to recent and historical activity on the site, as well as proving a window into deep time to explore the formation of the Koocanusa project.

For more information on the geology specific to the project, visit the “Rock Room” section below.


With the initial prospecting of Koocanusa completed and viable targets established, the next steps for the project will be to develop a detailed exploration assessment program:

  • Desktop
    • Continue compilation of historical data, especially on the newly acquired western claims.
    • Relogging of historical core stored in yard near Cranbrook
    • Mineralogical and metallurgical studies from rock samples collected during site work
    • Conversion of field data into interpretations and detailed zone maps and sections
  • Exploration
    • Methodical regional reconnaissance, structural mapping and sampling along strike of “alpha” horizons
    • Air-based geophysical surveys to better define sub-surface targets
    • Enhanced mineralogical and petrographic studies of host lithologies and mineralizing events
  • Environmental & Socioeconomic
    • Continue to build a dialogue with the Ktunaxa First Nations, specifically their Land Stewardship Guardian.
    • Establishment of wildlife recording protocol, especially in relation to Grizzly and winter ungulate ranges.
    • Water testing in areas of known anomalous mercury to achieve baseline and potential “predisturbance” data.
    • Work with local forestry companies to share access and develop programs based around new trail development.
    • Applications for permits to allow for low-impact trenching or geoprobe exploration


Copper mineralization has been observed at a variety of locations across the property, but are most dominant in the Creston and Sheppard Formation rocks. Minerals are found along bedding planes, fracture fill or as as disseminations throughout the rocks, appearing as black-brown speckles.

Pathfinders in the field include growths of garnets in a coarse sandstone, and the presence of iron or copper oxide dendrites along fracture surfaces. Exploration activities over the past few years at Koocanusa have led to the discovery of several “fertile” horizons across the project area.


The Creston Formation is a thick series of siltstones and argillites which underlie the western side of the Koocanusa project. This unit runs continuously south into the United States (where it is called the Ravalli Group) and hosts the copper mineralization at the Hecla-owned mines (Troy, Spar Lake, Montanore).

Mineralization consists of copper-bearing minerals such as chalcopyrite, chalcocite and bornite, but also hosts other elements such as galena (lead sulphide) and various silver sulphosalts.

Example of Creston Formation mineralization


The Sheppard Formation are tens of millions of years younger than the Creston Formation rocks, and are dominated by siltstones, dolomites and large stromatolitic (algal) reefs. The Sheppard Formation has not been as extensively explored for economic copper as the Creston, yet we has discovered several horizons in the field.

Mineralization within the Sheppard Formation tends to be the more “obvious” weathering minerals such as malachite, azurite and chrysocolla, although the host units have disseminated chalcocite, pyrite and occasional chalcopyrite.

Example of Sheppard Formation mineralization


The Phillips formation is a relatively minor bed at Koocanusa and has only been observed in the southwestern part of the property.

It comprises of a purple to red, fine-grained and micaceous sandstone with occasional argillite layers nearer the top of the formation.

Volcanic ash from the equivalent formation in the United States (the contiguous Bonner Formation) has a Uranium-Lead isotopic age of 1,401 million years (+/- 6 million years).


The Gateway Formation overlies the Sheppard Formation. It is comprised of fine-grained, light grey-green siltstone and sandstone with minor dolomitic limestone. The base of the Gateway Formation is marked by the first occurrence of salt casts, mud cracks, and rip-up clast beds within siliceous fine-grained sediments that overlie the massive dolomitized limestone beds that mark the top of the Sheppard Formation. Sedimentary facies of the Gateway Formation fine upwards from predominantly fine-grained sandstone at the formation base to fine-grained siltstone and argillite at the formation top.

Right: Sample Station CCU076.

Medium grained buff coloured sandstone with numerous garnets. This unit is porous and has allowed fluids to transition through, forming not only the garnets but also contributing to the copper anomalies.

Below: Sample Station AR21KOO020.

Cherty siltstone with loose bands of cinnabar (mercury), found within zone of historical copper anomalies.


Mud cracks (dessication) in layers of fine mudstone, indicating the sediments were exposed to air and allowed to dry out before being buried in sediment,

Raindrop imprints on a mudstone surface – exquisite preservation!

An example of dessication cracks in a thin mudstone veneer, overlying ash / pyroclastic flows, which includes chips of basalt from the active volcanic centers.

Tidal ripples seen in siltstone – common across the Koocanusa site.


The Sheppard Formation is comprised of fine-grained sandstone and dolomitic limestone, and unconformably overlies the Nicol Creek Formation. Sedimentary facies of the Sheppard Formation grade from siliciclastic sediments at the formation base, to stromatolitic and oolitic, dolomitic limestones at the top. A series of massive stromatolitic and oolitic dolomitized limestone beds mark the formation top.

Left: Large Stromatolite

The sample shown here represents one of the larger stromatolites found on the property. When complete, it would have been about 40cm in diameter and stood 30cm tall off the seabed.

Stromatolites (photosynthetic cyanobacteria) in a silty dolomite unit found near the contact with the underlying Nicol Creek Basalts. These are significant as they indicate shallow marine environments.

Buff siltstone, silicified with chlorite along fracture planes

Polished slab of small stromatolites

Polished section through large stromatolite mound

Ripple marks preserved in Sheppard Formation siltstones, indicative of shallow, tidal waters.

Sheppard Formation rocks above the Nicol Creek Basalt contact. Extensive chlorite formation along fracture surfaces. Buff siltstones and maroon mudstones.

Detailed shot of large stromatolite

Detailed shot of smaller stromatolite colony


A wide range of veins occur across the property, from thin quartz-carbonate stockworks to half-meter-wide quartz / barite / magnetite veins.

The majority of the large vein systems have been observed in the Nicol Creek Basalts where the brittle rocks allowed for the formation of wider fractures. In the overlying Sheppard Formation, these veins quickly become more diffuse as fluids pass into porous sandstones or the reactive dolomites. The theory is that these veins are “synsedimentary”, i.e. they are forming at the same time as the sediments are deposited and so these rocks do not have a brittle fracture.

The veins observed in outcrop contain extensive mineralization and oxidized “ghosts” of crystals, sometimes replaced by later infill. Studies are underway to determine the full mineralogy, genesis and potential of these veins.

Barite-Quartz-Magnetite vein with hematized wall rock, boiling textures and oxidized suphides within the vein. This sample was hosted in Nicol Creek Basalts.

Barite-Quartz-Magnetite vein with hematized wall rock, boiling textures and oxidized suphides within the vein. This sample was hosted in Nicol Creek Basalts.

Sample D00033046 as collected in the field

Geodes within Nicol Creek Basalt – open voids, well developed quartz and barite crystals with hematized / magnetite altered wall rock.

Quartz vein with jasperized basalt clasts

Detailed image of jasperized fragments in quartz-calcite vein


The Nicol Creek Formation is comprised of amygdaloidal and phenocrystic basalt flows, shallow marine volcaniclastic to siliciclastic sediment, and minor tuff. Zircon from a rhyolitic tuff within the contiguous Purcell Lava in the USA has a U-Pb age of 1443 +/- 7 Ma.


The Creston Formation is a series of shallow subtidal rocks (argillites, siltstone) with a maximum thickness of 2,350m (7,710ft) in the Purcell Basin. This unit hosts one of the main sources of copper in the area, with highly crystalline chalcopyrite, chalcocite and bornite found along fractures surfaces and bedding planes.

Closer to the Moyie anticline, the rocks have been fractured due to the stresses applied to them during folding, and the resulting fractures are filled with copper mineralization, giving a similar appearance to a sheeted vein system. This also adds density of mineralization resulting in grades up to 4% copper.

Away from the Moyie anticline, the mineralization follows along bedding planes and can be iron, lead-silver or copper dominant.

Looking down on the bedding plane of a Creston sample, and the horizontal fractures are infilled with copper mineralization




The Koocanusa Project lies in an area of wooded slopes, open grassland (from previous logging) and valleys with streams, and so like with any other exploration project, impacts on wildlife has to be considered.

The BC Government lists several species of note that are present in the area, with a focus along Gold Creek. Where possible, we are avoiding a conflict between these known zones and staking activity but are aware that ranges are not fixed and so need to be considered in the future.

The species mentioned are listed below:

Snowberry: a member of the honeysuckle family and is an important plant for browsing animals such as deer, sheep, elk and moose. The berries are high in saponins which are toxic to some animals but are consumed by bird species and bears. The shrub can provide good cover which is important for ground nesting birds, rabbits or other small mammals.

Balsamroot: a member of the sunflower family and grows in clumps up to 75cm tall. It can take 5-10 years to establish itself but once settled becomes a strong and drought-resistant plant, and can withstand “top burning” through forest fires. It is a food for grazing animals and its tough leaves make it resistant to trampling.
Balsamroot also has uses amongst First Nations, as a food source or as a cure for headaches when the roots are burned.

Lewis’s Woodpecker: This is a large species of woodpecker, measuring up to 11 inches in length.

It is locally common and the species is ranked as “Least Concern” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. It has a wide range of food habits, from the traditional “boring” into trees, to catching flying insects in mid-air and consuming berries and fruits. They nest within hollow dead tree branches and typically lay between 5-9 eggs per year.

Western Screech Owl: This is a small species of owl, which comes in several colour morphs varying from grey to brown. It is locally common and the species is ranked as “Least Concern” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. This owl species breeds in open wooded areas and along forest edges, using holes in trees as natural dens, including those opened by woodpeckers.
They feed on small animals such as mice and frogs, but can also swoop to catch insects in flight. They have excellent night vision and are most active at dawn, dusk or during the night.

Williamson’s Sapsucker: This is a medium-sized species of woodpecker, found in open coniferous forest areas. They nest within tree hollows and often return to the same location each year.

The species is ranked as “Least Concern” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature, but due to logging is “under pressure” in areas of British Columbia.
Sapsuckers feed on conifer sap as their main food source, but also take insects and berries outside of the breeding period.


The local Grizzly Bear population is part of a transnational group that ranges across the Canada-US border and is largely fragmented due to human activity.

The BC government outlines an area of Grizzly habitat that passes between the Lilo and Twin 5 areas of the property and as such further staking in that zone will be restricted to avoid future habitat conflicts.

We understand however that ranges are not fixed and so are using documents produced by the “Trans-Border Grizzly Bear Project” which offer further insights into the local population. Their goal is to use scientific research to reduce human-caused mortality, enhance and re-establish inter-population connectivity, improve habitat security and educating the public.

To date, no Grizzly bears have been sighted at Koocanusa, although we remain diligent in order to protect the animals and not to disturb their natural activities.



Lake Koocanusa is a waterbody formed in 1972 when the Libby Dam was constructed in Montana, blocking the Kootenay River and forming a lake almost 150 kilometers long and straddling the Canada-USA border.

The lake has recently come under scrutiny due to elevated levels of selenium entering along the Elk River. The selenium originates from waste rock piles around the Teck coal mines located over 100 kilometers to the east. Sampling programs in Idaho in 2019 found that certain fish species had elevated selenium in their reproductive organs, well in excess of EPA limit.

At the mouth of the Elk River in BC, the levels started to exceed guidelines in the 1990s and today is four times the highest allowable levels set by the Province. The levels become more diluted towards Gold Creek but still hover around the acceptable limits.

BC, Montana and First Nations scientists are in agreement that the desirable level should be one part per billion, half of the current BC guideline.

Teck recognizes the issue and has robust plans to create water treatment facilities to reduce the selenium leaving their workings and entering waterways. This is covered in their “Elk Valley Water Quality Plan”, where the construction of two water treatment facilities would treat 17.5 million liters of water a day initially, rising to 47.5 million liters a day by 2021.


Mercury is an element that has been noted historically in the project area, specifically in showings of the mineral cinnabar.

Mercury is generally liberated from rocks when they are broken up. The element settles into water where bacteria change it to methylmercury which in turn is taken up by aquatic organisms. The mercury binds in the muscles of fish and so gradually accumulates, and cannot be removed by cooking or cleaning.

Mercury is generally rare geologically, but in areas around gold mineralization can build up to significant levels. Occurrences of cinnabar were noted during prospecting in the area in the 1960’s to the 1980’s around the Frankie showing in the north-eastern part of the Koocanusa Project.


Recognizing these factors is the first step in a process. No work has been completed historically to understand the distribution of both selenium and mercury within the rocks of the immediate project area, or if it is entering the drainages and waterways. Gold Creek passes through the project and enters Lake Koocanusa about 11 kilometers downstream.

Current understanding is that the incidence of these elements is negligible, but Aeonian is undertaking additional geochemical studies on rocks collected from the site in 2020 to gain a better understanding of potential. Future work on site would involve the collection of water samples from drainages to test what, if anything, is actually entering the waterways through natural erosional processes.

We will update this section as information becomes available.


As part of our commitment to learn about our impact on climate change, we are monitoring emissions based on all work at about Koocanusa, from direct field activity to desktop work. We do this by tracking fuel use, computer time and waste disposal, then apply standardized calculations to track the amount of carbon dioxide produced, which we then convert to a carbon weight. To read more about our Carbon planning, visit this page.

Carbon Calculation

Operational Carbon
Human Carbon
Environmental Carbon

Offset Costs

Carbon Tax Cost
Tree Planting Scheme Costs


  • Carbon Calculation is based off carbon dioxide being 3.67 times heavier than carbon.
  • Offset costs based on 2022 Canadian Carbon Tax goals of $50 per ton carbon ($0.05c per kilogram).
  • Tree planting costs based on one tree per 100kg carbon, at $6 per tree.
  • Amounts based on work during 2021. These amounts will be updated to reflect carbon impacts on a regular basis. 


First Nations peoples share a common interest in the protection and conservation of the land, and therefore are an integral part of any planning or development. The Koocanusa claims lie within traditional territories or treaty lands of the Ktunaxa Nation and the Shuswap Indian Band.

Please note that the nations listed below represent those listed by the government as having a potential interest in the area at the time of staking. We endeavor to ensure that all groups are included in our consultations.


Aeonian believes in transparency and therefore is happy to provide data collected from the project for general review and use. We especially encourage the use of the data for educational purposes and welcome questions about the property or ideas for projects to be completed on site. We will endeavor to update the files as soon as new information becomes available.


2020 Geological Observations (Excel Spreadsheet)

This spreadsheet contains all field observations made during site visits in 2020. Currently contains data for 136 field stations, including lithological, structural and mineralogical observations. Station numbers relate to chips in the 2020 sample library.

File Updated: 17th November 2020


2020 Geochemical Results  (Excel Spreadsheet)

This spreadsheet contains assay data for all samples collected on the site in 2020. There are a total of 55 samples with UTM data and measurements for 34 elements. Chips from each sample can be viewed in the 2020 sample library.

File Updated: 17th November 2020


Chip Sample Library

This links to a page of high quality sample images. Each sample is a representative chip from each field station / sample that can be viewed with an in-browser magnifier for detailed study.

Page Updated: 23rd June 2021

2020 Samples: CCU001 – CCU050

View Chips

2020 Samples: CCU051 – CCU102

View Chips

2020 Samples: KOOSD001 – KOOSD021

View Chips

2021 Samples (to date)

View Chips

2020 GIS Files  (Shapefiles)

This zip file contains various shapefiles for infrastructure, environmental, geological and geochemical data. These can be processed in ArcGIS, QGIS or Google Earth.

File Updated: 17th November 2020


Early QEMSCAN  (Excel)

This file contains assay reconciliation and modal data for six samples collected on the first prospecting trip in 2020. Also includes two field scans mappings minerals and alteration within the volcanics.

File Updated: 19th January 2021




Bapty, M., 1991,  Assessment Report on Reconnaissance Prospecting, Lilo Group, LL1 – LL12: BC Geological Branch Assessment Report 21726

Klewchuk, P., 1991, Assessment Report on Soil Geochemistry, Geological Mapping and October 1990 Airborne Geophysical Survey, Gold Creek Property: BC Geological Branch Assessment Report 21294

Gardner, D. W., 2008, Sedimentology, Stratigraphy, and Provenance of the Upper Purcell Supergroup, southeastern British Columbia, Canada: Implications for Syn-depositional Tectonism, Basin Models, and Paleogeographic Reconstructions: University of Victoria MSc Thesis

Hartlaub, R. P., Davis, W. J., Dunn, C. E.,  2011, The Characteristics, origin and exploration potential for sediment-hosted Cu+/-Ag mineralization in the Purcell Supergroup, Canada: Geoscience BC Report 2011-16

Hoy, T., 1993, Geology of the Purcell Supergroup in the Fernie West-half Map Area, Southeastern British Columbia: Ministry of Energy, Mines and Resources, Mineral Resources Division, Geological Survey Branch, Bulletin 84

Kennedy, C., 2006, Assessment Report Prospecting Program, Mad Hat, Fort Steele Mining Division: BC Geological Branch Assessment Report 28482

Klewchuk, P., 1989, South Kootenay Goldfields Assessment Report on Diamond Drilling Gill and Flathead Mineral Claims: BC Geological Branch Assessment Report 18748

Klewchuk, P., 1991, Assessment Report on Soil Geochemistry, Geological Mapping and October 1990 Airborne Geophysical Survey, Gold Creek Property: BC Geological Branch Assessment Report 21294

McDonald, L., 2009, Survey of Selenium in Water, Zooplankton and Fish in Lake Koocanusa, British Columbia, 2008: Elk Valley Selenium Task Force

Napolean, V., 2018, Secwépemc Lands and Resources Law Research Project Shushwap Nation Tribal Council & Indigenous Law Research Unit Team, University of Victoria

Proctor, M., Servheen, C., Kasworm, W., Radandt, T., 2008, Habitat security for grizzly bears in the Yahk Grizzly Bear Population Unit of the south Purcell Mountains of southeast British Columbia: The Trans-Border Grizzly Bear Project March 2008 Report

Raffle, K. J., 2018,  Assessment Report for the Robocop Property, Southeastern British Columbia: BC Geological Branch Assessment Report 37745

Ryley, J., Klewchuk, P., Bapty, M., 1990, Property Development Report, Gold Creek for South Kooteney Goldfields Inc.: BC Geological Branch Assessment Report 19965


Precision Petrographics, Langley, BC. – Thin sections for mineralogy studies

SGS Labs, Burnaby, BC. – QEMSCAN, mineralogy studies and assaying

SGDS Hive – Geological consulting services, claims acquisition

Below BC – Specimen photography, regional collections and data

Ktunaxa First Nation – ecological, land use and history information